Eefje de Volder (Ph.D., LL.M., M.Sc.) is co-founder and team member of IMPACT. She furthermore works (part-time) at CoMensha, an organisation that registers victims of human trafficking in the Netherlands and coordinates their assistance and support. In addition, she is a research fellow with the International Victimology Institute Tilburg (INTERVICT) and a (part-time) lecturer at Tilburg University. In 2017 she finalized and published her Ph.D. thesis that looks into the functioning of the collective security system of the African Union.

Eefje conducted research for several regional and international institutions and organizations (EU, EUI, Council of Europe, OSCE) on human trafficking. Also she has acted as moderator of international dialogues on human trafficking, including the expert meeting of the EU-ACP Dialogue on Migration and Development. She developed and taught several courses at various levels (university, college and lower education), both in the Netherlands as well as abroad (Indonesia). Since 2010, she is a board member of the Mukomeze foundation, which aims to improve the lives of women and girls who survived sexual violence during the genocide in Rwanda. In the role of project coordinator, she is responsible for fundraising, monitoring and reporting of projects, in close cooperation with Solace Ministries, the partner organisation in Rwanda. Eefje graduated in 2005 from her study cultural anthropology, with a specialization in gender studies (Radboud University Nijmegen). She furthermore holds a bachelor in Dutch and International and European Law from Tilburg University and a master degree in International Public Law and Human Rights Law obtained within the Research Master in Law (2010).

Anne-Marie de Brouwer (Ph.D., LL.M.) is co-founder and team member of IMPACT. She is also the Chair of the Mukomeze Foundation, which improves the lives of survivors of sexual violence during the 1994 Rwandan genocide. She is furthermore a research fellow with the International Victimology Institute Tilburg (INTERVICT) at Tilburg University. Anne-Marie conducted doctoral research on conflict-related sexual violence and international criminal law.

Her PhD – “Supranational Criminal Prosecution of Sexual Violence: The ICC and the Practice of the ICTY and the ICTR (Oxford-Antwerp: Intersentia, 2005)”, which was awarded with the Max van der Stoel Human Rights Award 2006 – is widely used as a reference for understanding the investigation and prosecution of conflict-related sexual violence by researchers and practitioners all over the world. This similarly applies to her co-edited volumes “Sexual Violence as an International Crime: Interdisciplinary Approaches (Intersentia, 2013)” and “The Men Who Killed Me: Rwandan Survivors of Sexual Violence (Douglas & McIntyre, 2009). In more than a decade of working on the issue of conflict-related sexual violence, with an international and interdisciplinary approach, Anne-Marie has carried out a wide array of research, teaching, training and empowerment projects, including within/for academia, (international) courts, governments, international organisations and NGOs. In 2013, she was awarded the Viva400-Award, an award for young inspirational women in the Netherlands, for her efforts to improve women’s health. In 2013, she was furthermore awarded a high Royal distinction – “Ridder” (“Dame”) – in the Order of Oranje-Nassau for her academic and societal work concerning conflict-related sexual violence. From 2008-2016, Anne-Marie was an Associate Professor in criminal and international criminal law at the Department of Criminal Law at Tilburg University. Earlier (2006-2007) she was an Associate Legal Officer at the NGO Women’s Initiatives for Gender Justice in The Hague and a PhD researcher/Assistant Professor in international (criminal) law (2000-2005/2005-2006) at the Department of European and International Public Law at Tilburg University. Anne-Marie studied Dutch Law, International Law and International Human Rights Law at Tilburg University, La Sapienza and the University of Essex.

Chiun Min Seah (LL.B., LL.M.) is the Social Media Officer & Research Assistant and team member of IMPACT. She works with IMPACT on a volunteer basis. Seah obtained her Bachelor of Laws (Hons) with the University of London and later went on to pursue her Master in Law in International Criminal Law at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, National University of Ireland, Galway. Throughout her LL.M. studies, she tailored her focal point on conflict-related sexual violence in the subjects and essays she wrote.

Her LL.M. thesis is on sexual violence against child soldiers which analysed the development of this topic in international criminal and humanitarian law (Wolf Legal Publishers, 2017). During her studies at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, she was the HQ Liaison Officer at National University of Ireland Fáilte (Welcome) Refugees Society where she coordinated with Galway Anti-Racism Network and Galway One World Centre to organise events. These events address racism, raise awareness about global refugee crisis, and encourage empowerment for students and society to be forces of change via pragmatic education. Chiun Min’s previous professional experiences include being a legal intern with Michael Musa-Obregon Associates and via Web Legal Education in 2013 and a legal assistant from 2014 – 2016 for The Women’s Lawyer. She is also presently working with Justice for Women where she develops and creates video contents to support victims of the Bosnian and Herzegovinian victims of sexual violence through legal, social, and emotional methods and to reconstruct the way victims are perceived. In her with Business and Education Network, Chiun Min is generating concepts to organise fundraising campaigns and art installations for sexual violence victims and survivors and designing educational and awareness raising activities and advocacy for victims. Being a new team member at IMPACT, she finds herself living in a dream as she goes to work every day with her role models; Anne-Marie and Eefje. As a baby in the human rights arena and particularly in areas of sexual violence in conflict and human trafficking, Chiun Min aspires to specialise in conflict-related sexual violence academically and to engage in hands-on and matter-of-fact practice in the field.  

Sofia Kriempardi (BA., LL.M., M.Sc.) is a project officer and team member of IMPACT. She works with IMPACT on a volunteer basis. Sofia obtained her Bachelor’s in Political Science and Public Administration where she specialized in Public International Law. She later went on to pursue her Master in Law in Public International Law and International Human Rights Law at the University of Tilburg. During her studies, she worked as an intern at the International Victimology Institute Tilburg (INTERVICT) focusing on women’s rights and on the topic of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in Senegal.

It was her first master studies that paved the path in pursuing a second Master in Victimology and Criminal Justice, also obtained at the University of Tilburg, where she graduated cum laude. Due to her great interest on victims’ rights within the international criminal justice system, Sofia took an internship at the Special Tribunal of Lebanon at the Legal Representatives of Victims section. During this internship, she gained in-depth experience on the victims’ participatory regime at the Special Tribunal for Lebanon as well as victims’ experiences when interacting with an international criminal justice institute and the impact of this regime on victims. She worked closely with the Legal Counsels and Legal Officers in promptly representing victims’ interests before the tribunal.

Following her internship at the Legal Representatives of Victims, Sofia was hired as a Victims’ Consultant assisting the legal team in preparing the victims’ case and providing effective representation of the interests of victims in the case. This first experience within an international criminal justice setting defending victims’ interests influenced her decision to write a joint thesis on the legal and victimological aspects of the victims’ participation schemes found at the Special Tribunal for Lebanon and the International Criminal Court. Her thesis was a comparative analysis of the two regimes, exploring not only the legal framework of victims’ participation but also the practical application of victims’ rights in these two institutions. Her research further covered the issue of whether the level of participation and the modalities of participation afforded to victims before these courts had an impact on the needs of victims of international crimes according to the procedural justice theory. After completing her master studies, Sofia engaged in pro bono work at the Dr. Mukwege foundation, where she conducted extensive research on the issue of reparations to victims of sexual violence in conflict. Her work was used in developing advocacy strategies for the organization. Her next step included an internship at the Kosovo Specialist Chambers and Specialist Prosecutor’s Office, at the Victims’ Participation Office. In this capacity, she was able to combine her two great interests, victims’ participatory rights in international criminal proceedings and conflict-related sexual violence. She assisted in the drafting of legal directives and conducted legal research in issues of international criminal law, human rights law, sexual violence in conflict and victims’ rights. Due to her academic studies and professional undertakings, Sofia has an in-depth knowledge and understanding of victims’ rights in international as well as national jurisdictions. As a new team member at IMPACT, Sofia hopes to deepen her knowledge on conflict-related sexual violence and specialize on the legal and victimological aspects of effectively prosecuting conflict-related sexual violence.

Milena Adamczewska is a research assistant at IMPACT, also responsible for supporting the team in the project work. Milena has graduated with a law degree from  Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (Poland), where her thesis on States’ responsibility to combat domestic violence against women got awarded in the competition of the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. She is about to finish her LL.M. studies in International Law and Human Right at the University of Tilburg, with the dissertation on compliance with the Women, Peace and Security Agenda of the UN.

As an experience-seeker with the eagerness to take action, Milena  strongly believes in the power of combining theoretical knowledge with practical work. Therefore, during and in between her studies, she volunteered in human rights center in South Africa, worked in Australia for UNHCR, advocated for a just world with several NGOs in Poland and tried herself as an entrepreneur in the field of marketing. She is very enthusiastic to use the variety of skills she has obtained during her experiences, in acting with IMPACT against human trafficking and sexual violence in conflict.

From 2008-2016, AnneIn her free time, Milena writes – for her travel blog, for other publications and “for the drawer”. She shares this way her ideas and asks questions, on the topics of culture, societies and global challenges that the world is facing nowadays.

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